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Roaring Twenties: People to Know

People to Know

Warren G. Harding, 29th President of the United States. 1920.
WARREN G. HARDING - (1865-1923). 29th President Of The United States. Photographed In 1920.. Fine Art. Encyclopædia Britannica Image Quest. Web. 19 Dec 2011.
 
During the years 1921-1923

• Won the first presidential election during which women were allowed to cast votes for the first time.

Dealt with a return to conservatism, isolationism, and economic woes during his tenure.

Tainted by the "Ohio Gang" dealings.

Served only 2 1/2 years of his term due to a tragic early death in 1923.

Calvin Coolidge, the 30th President of the United States of America, 1925.
Calvin Coolidge. Photographer. Encyclopædia Britannica Image Quest. Web. 19 Dec 2011.
 
During the years 1923-1929

Served as Vice President under Warren G. Harding until Harding's death in 1923 when he became President.

Won re-election in 1924 and helped the economy grow during the booming 1920s.

Made history by becoming the first American President to be heard on radio.

Nicknamed Vermont Yankee, Silent Cal, and Cautious Cal.

Considered a pro-business Republican.

Herbert Hoover, American statesman and the 31st President of the United States.
Herbert Hoover. VERTICAL. Encyclopædia Britannica Image Quest. Web. 19 Dec 2011.
 

During the years 1929-1933

• Served as President during the beginning of the Great Depression.

• Tried to provide farm aid via the Agricultural Marketing Act which failed to deter dropping prices.

• Faced economic woes of Black Thursday, Black Tuesday, Smoot-Hawley Act, and the unemployment in the millions.

• Lost re-election to Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1932 mostly because of the poor economic climate during his presidency.

Archaeologist Howard Carter examining the third mummy-shaped sarcophagus, 1922, in Egypt's Valley of the Kings.
Egypt, Valley Of The Kings, The Discovery Of The Tomb Of Pharaoh Tutankhamun (or Tutankhamen, Circa 1340-1323 B.C., Archaeologist Howard Carter (1874-1939) Examining The Third Mummy-shaped Sarcophagus, 1922, Vintage Photograph. Photograph. Encyclopædia Britannica Image Quest. Web. 19 Dec 2011.
 

• Discovered King Tut's tomb in 1922.

• Discovery influenced fashion in the 1920s.

Famous American cultural anthropologist, Margaret Mead, dressed in native clothing during her time in Samoa.
Margaret Mead. Photography. Encyclopædia Britannica Image Quest. Web. 19 Dec 2011.
 

• Studied and published materials on women's rights, child rearing, education, and other social issues.

• Wrote "Coming of Age in Samoa."

• A controversial figure who was eventually inducted into the Women's Hall of Fame.

Henry Ford posing with one of his Model T automobiles, c1920.
HENRY FORD (1863-1947). - American Automobile Manufacturer. Photographed With One Of His Model T Automobiles, C1920.. Fine Art. Encyclopædia Britannica Image Quest. Web. 5 Dec 2011
 

• Introduced a simple, reliable, and affordable vehicle that promoted the use and purchase of automobiles in the United States.

• Expanded production and new factories were built across the country.

Sir Alexander Fleming (1881 - 1955), Scottish biologist and pharmacologist at St. Mary's Hospital, London, 1951.
Sir Alexander Fleming. Photography. Encyclopædia Britannica Image Quest. Web. 19 Dec 2011.
 

• Discovered penicillin in 1928, which led to the development of antibiotics.

• Received the Nobel Prize for his discovery in 1945.

"The American astronomer, Edwin Powell Hubble in front of the 2.5m telescope at Mount Wilson Observatory. By using this telescope, Hubble improved our understanding of the structure of the universe. In 1923, he obtained a distance of 900,000 light years for the Andromeda galaxy, proving for the first time that the spiral nebulae were laying well beyond our own galaxy. In 1929, he announced Hubble's Law, that galaxies move apart faster the further away they are, key evidence for the expansion of the universe."
Edwin Powell Hubble. Photograph. Encyclopædia Britannica Image Quest. Web. 19 Dec 2011.
 

• In 1929 he announced that the universe was [is] expanding.

• Became known for the "Hubble constant" ratio.

American aviator, engineer and Pulitzer Prize winner Charles Lindbergh (1902- 1974) poses with the 'Spirit of St Louis,' the plane he used to make the first non-stop solo flight across the Atlantic, May 1927. (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)
Charles Lindbergh & 'Spirit Of St. Louis'. Photographer. Encyclopædia Britannica Image Quest. Web. 5 Dec 2011.
 

• Established transcontinental air record from San Diego to New York on May 10-12, 1927.

• Flew from New York to Paris and won the Orteig Prize for first nonstop transatlantic flight between the two cities.

• Toured the United States with the Spirit of St. Louis.

• Made the first nonstop flight from Washington to Mexico City.

American birth control activist Margaret Sanger standing in a train station in Chicago, circa 1917.
Margaret Sanger. Photograph. Encyclopædia Britannica Image Quest. Web. 19 Dec 2011.
 

• Founded the birth control movement in the United States.

• Opened the first birth control clinic in the United States in 1916.

• Founded the American Birth Control League in 1921, which became the Planned Parenthood Federation of America in 1942.

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