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Did You Know. . .
- The Red Summer refers to the summer of 1919 when there were race riots in cities where whites attacked blacks. There was deep resentment among the whites that the blacks had taken jobs in the northeast during WWI, jobs that belonged to whites who were fighting abroad.
- The Red Scare occurred directly after WWI (1920) when immigrants emigrated to the United States. The influx of new people made many Americans nervous that the immigrants would bring with them ideas of Communism and influence the US government.
- Because of the Red Scare, the Ku Klux Klan (inactive for decades) re-emerged to block immigrants from entering the United States.The KKK wanted to prevent immigrants from spreading their ideas.
- Americans believed the Ku Klux Klan was correct and urged Congress to limit immigrants through a string of anti-immigration laws passed in the '20s.
The US government passed restrictive immigration laws in 1921, 1924, 1929.
Bartolomeo Vanzetti (left) (1891-1927) and Ferdinando Nicola Sacco (right) (1888-1927), during their trial for murder in 1921. Vanzetti and Sacco were Italian immigrants who were accused of murdering two men during a 1920 armed robbery in Massachusetts. The trial was controversial, but they were convicted and executed on August 23, 1927.
Vanzetti And Sacco. Photography. Encyclopædia Britannica Image Quest. Web. 1 Jan 2012.
Ku Klux Klan Parade
Demonstration of the Ku-Klux-Klan in Washington D.C. c. 1920s.
Ku-Klux-Klan Demonstration / Washington. Photograph. Encyclopædia Britannica Image Quest. Web. 7 Dec 2011
Books & DVDs
Reconstruction era. Almanac by
Call Number: R 973.8 HOW
Publication Date: 2005
Examines significant events in the Reconstruction era, a period that ranged from the end of the Civil War to the inauguration of President Rutherford B. Hayes in 1877, providing information about how ex-slaves adjusted to freedom, carpetbaggers, the rise of the Ku Klux Klan, and other topics. Includes a time line, and other study aids.
The Ku Klux Klan [videorecording] : a secret history by
Call Number: DVD 322.4 KUK
Publication Date: 2005
Presents an overview of the history of the Ku Klux Klan, exploring its legacy of secrecy, ritual and misconception, including its response to the Civil Rights Movement and affirmative action, as well as interviews with the Klan's Grand Dragon and Imperial Wizard.
The roaring twenties by
Call Number: 973.91 ROA
Publication Date: 2002
Presents twenty-one firsthand accounts of several aspects of the 1920s in America, discussing the economic boom, economic inequality, the Red Scare, racial tensions, Prohibition, flappers and jazz, fads, and the stock market crash. Also includes a chronology, a selected bibliography, and a comprehensive introduction.
Twentieth-century immigration to the United States by
Call Number: 304.8 KAL
Publication Date: 2007
Discusses various issues associated with immigration to the United States during the early part of the twentieth century including the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882, Ellis Island, tenements and sweatshops, and the rise of anti-Semitism.
Save our history. [videorecording] by
Call Number: DVD 973 SAV
Publication Date: 2110
Examines 100 major documents in American history including the U.S. Constitution and Declaration of Independence, along with lesser known documents such as the Virginia Plan, Morrill Act, and Wade-Davis Bill.
The Ku Klux Klan by
Call Number: 322.4 GIT
Publication Date: 2009-08-01
The Ku Klux Klan. Even today, the name conjures up terrifying images: faceless men in white robes with pointed hoods, flaming torches, and fiery crosses, and thundering horses and brutal lynchings. But although its days of riding roughshod through the South are thankfully gone, the Klan does still exist, doing what it can to spread its message of hate.