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World War II

Resources for studying the events of World War II.

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  • Nuremberg War Trials: International Military Tribunal Constitution (1945)
  • History Reference Center
    • War Criminals are Convicted at the Nuremberg Trials
    • The Soviets at Nuremberg: International Law, Propaganda, and the Making of the Postwar Order
  • Student Research Center
    • Judgement Before Nuremberg: The Holocaust in the Ukraine and the First Nazi War Crimes Trial

Nuremberg War Crime Trials

Nuremberg War Crimes trial 1946. defendants including leading Nazi politicians, Herman Goring and Rudolf Hess

Nuremberg War Crimes Trial 1946. Defendants Including Leading Nazi Politicians, Herman Goring And Rudolf Hess. Photography. Encyclopædia Britannica Image Quest. Web. 11 Apr 2012.

The Defendants

"Twenty-four major political and military leaders of Nazi Germany, indicted for aggressive war, war crimes, and crimes against humanity, were brought to trial before the International Military Tribunal. More than 100 additional defendants, representing many sectors of German society, were tried before the United States Nuremberg Military Tribunals in a series of 12 trials known as “Subsequent Nuremberg Proceedings.'"

Library of Congress - Military Legal Resources - Nurembert

Some of the defendants:

  • Hermann Wilhelm Goering

  • Rudolf Hess

  • Martin Bormann (tried in absentia)

  • Joachim von Ribbentrop

  • Robert Ley

  • Wilhelm Keitel

  • Ernst Kaltenbrunner

  • Alfred Rosenberg

  • Hans Frank

  • Julius Streicher

  • Walter Funk

  • Hjalmar Schact

  • Karl Doenitz

  • Erich Raeder

  • Baldur von Shirach

  • Constantin von Neurath

  • Hans Fritzsche

  • Fritz Sauckel

  • Alfred Jodl

  • Franz von Papen

  • Arthur Seyss-Inquart

  • Albert Speer

  • Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach

  • Wilhelm Frick                           


Nuremberg Race Laws

In 1935 the Nazis inacted new laws, the Nuremberg Laws. They stripped Jews of their citizenship and civil rights.