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Five Themes of Geography: Home


The Five Themes of Geography were created in 1984 by the National Council for Geographic Education and the Association of American Geographers.

Essential Questions
  1. Place:  “What is this place like?” 
  2. Location: "Where is it on the earth's surface"?
  3. Human Environment Interaction (HEI): "How do people depend upon, adapt to, and modify their environment?
  4. Movement: "How is a place connected to other places?"
  5. Regions: What does the place have in common with other places?

Learner Outcome

Through the creation of a media project, the student will have a better understanding of how and why countries change within the context of these five geographic themes.


Thinking in terms of migration, students will create a media project focusing on a country of their choice. It must address each of the Five Themes of Geography.  The assignment must include a works cited page at the end of the brochure. 

Remember: A "Works Cited" page is MLA format.

Key Geography Terms


Lines of latitude measure distance in degrees (°) north (N) and south (S) of the equator, an imaginary line circling the globe halfway between the North and South poles. As you travel north or south of the equator, latitude increases — up to 90° N and 90° S at the poles.


Lines of longitude measure distance in degrees east (E) and west (W) of the prime meridian, an imaginary line that passes through Greenwich, England. The prime meridian is at 0° longitude. As you travel east (E) or west (W) of the prime meridian, longitude increases — up to the 180° meridian in the Pacific Ocean. 

Junior Scholastic, 9/7/2009, Vol. 112 Issue 1, p22-23, 2p Middle Search Plus

Teacher Resources