Skip to main content

Beijing: 7th Grade Class Trip

The history of China for middle school learners.

Beijing Databases

Dynasties and Their Imperialist Capitals

  • ca = approximately
  • BCE = Before our Common Era aka Before Christian Era
  • CE = Common Era aka Christian Era

Year

Dynasty

Imperialist Capitals in blue

ca. 2100-1600 BCE

Xia (Hsia)

 

ca. 1600-1050 BCE

Shang

Near present-day Zhengzhou and Anyang

ca. 1046-256 BCE

Zhou (Chou)

Hao (near present-day Xi’an and Luoyang)

ca. 1046-771 BCE

Western Zhou

 

ca. 771-256 BCE

Eastern Zhou

Spring and Autumn Period (770-ca. 475 BCE)

 

 

Confucius (ca. 551-479 BCE)

 

 

Warring States Period (ca. 475-221 BCE)

221-206 BCE

Qin (Ch’in)

Chang’an (present-day Xi’an)

 

 

Qin Shihuangdi dies, 210 BCE

206 BCE-220 CE

Han

 

 

Western/former Han (206 BCE-9 CE)

Chang’an (present-day Xi’an)

 

 

Confucianism officially established as basis for Chinese State by Han Wudi (r. 141-86 BCE)

 

Eastern/later Han (25-220 CE)

Luoyang

220-589 CE

Six Dynasties Period

 Period of disunity and instability following the fall of the Han; Buddhism introduced in China

 

Three Kingdoms (220-265 CE)

 Cai Wei, Shu Han, Dong Wu

 

Jin Dynasty (265-420 CE)

 

 

Period of the Northern and Southern Dynasties (386-589 CE)

 

581-618 CE

Sui

Chang’an (present-day Xi’an)

618-906 CE

Tang (T’ang)

Chang’an and Luoyang

907-960 CE

Five Dynasties Period

 

960-1279

Song(Sung)

 

 

Northern Song

(960-1127)

Bianjing (present-day Kaifeng)

 

Southern Song

(1127-1279)

Lin’an (present-day Hangzhou)

1279-1368

Yuan

The reign of the Mongol empire; Dadu (present-day Beijing)

1368-1644

Ming

Re establishment of rule by Han ruling house; Nanjing and Beijing

1644-1912

Qing (Ch’ing)

Reign of the Manchus; Beijing

1912-1949

Republic Period

Beijing, Wuhan, Nanjing

1949-present

People’s Republic of China

Beijing

 Retrieved August 19, 2012, from Timeline of Chinese Dynasties and Other Key Events