Gabriel Garcia Marquez, born in 1927, was known affectionately to the Latin American populace as Gabo. He is known for two major accomplishments: kicking off the "Latin American Boom", a period during the 1960s to 80s when Latin American literature came into prominence on the world stage, and being the "Father of Magical Realism", a genre in which fantastical events are described realistically. Marquez was heavily political throughout his life, and his works often sent messages pertaining to Latin America's political climate. For these contributions, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1982.
"The Nobel Prize in Literature 1982 was awarded to Gabriel García Márquez 'for his novels and short stories, in which the fantastic and the realistic are combined in a richly composed world of imagination, reflecting a continent's life and conflicts'"(The Nobel Foundation).