Night by Elie Wiesel: The Lessons of the Holocaust
Through Elie Wiesel's memoir Night, the reader gets a sense of what it was like to be a young person caught in the maelstrom of the Nazi Holocaust and the growing darkness that resulted in a never-ending night of prejudice, devastation, and death.
Examines the life of Sophie Scholl, a Munich University student who was executed in 1943 as a member of the White Rose, a small underground resistance movement that printed and distributed leaflets protesting Hitler and the Nazi regime and calling for a free and democratic society.
The author describes the circumstances in Germany after Hitler came to power that led to the evacuation of many Jewish children to England and her experiences as a young girl in England during World War II.
Presents excerpts from the Holocaust diaries of fifteen young people, ranging in age from twelve to twenty-two, each with an introductory essay that looks at the writer, and the historical context of the diary, with a study of the text and its relevance in the context of Holocaust history or literature. Includes a list of over fifty additional known diaries written by young people during the period.
Provides background on the Holocaust and tells the stories of individuals who escaped from Auschwitz, Sobibor, Colditz, and occupied territories to survive the war. Includes an annotated bibliography and further reading list.
A companion volume to the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum's exhibition, chronicling the experiences of more than two thousand Polish Jewish refugees who escaped to safety only months before the Nazis began their campaign to exterminate the Jews of Europe.
Chronicles the efforts of American journalist Varian Fry, who flew to Mareseilles, France, in 1940 to help artistic and intellectual refugees, such as novelist Heinrich Mann, flee the Nazi regime, but ended up staying for over a year to assist as many people as he could until he was evicted.
Relates the story of Jan and Antonina Zabinski, Christian zookeepers at the Warsaw Zoo, who helped save the lives of approximately three hundred Polish Jews during World War II by housing and feeding them on zoo grounds and teaching them how to "pass" as Aryan.
Explores the historical, psychological, and moral implications of the second-generation Holocaust experience, discussing how Holocaust survivors are passing their memories and pain on to the next generation.
Fifty-three men and women discuss the issue of forgivenessand try to help the author determine if he made the right choice when a Nazi officer confessed his sins to Wiesenthal and asked for his forgiveness.
Dr. Frankl recounts details of his experiences in a Nazi death camp and tells how they led to his development of the theory of logotherapy which contends that man has the freedom to transcend suffering and find meaning in his life regardless of his circumstances.
Presents selections from Hannah Arendt's "Eichmann in Jerusalem: A Report on the Banality of Evil," as well as excerpts from Arent's reporting on high-ranking Nazi Adolf Eichmann's war crimes trial for "The New Yorker" magazine, in which she considers the tendency of ordinary people to follow orders and conform to mass opinion without thought to the consequences of their actions.
The author tells the story of how she and her mother came to New York City in 1951 to try to leave the horrors of the Holocaust behind, but found it harder than they expected to fit into this "new world."
The Courage to Care
"In those times there was darkness everywhere. In heaven and on earth, all the gates of compassion seemed to have been closed. The killer killed and the Jews died and the outside world adopted an attitude either of complicity or of indifference. Only a few had the courage to care. These few men and women were vulnerable, afraid, helpless - what made them different from their fellow citizens?… Why were there so few?… Let us remember: What hurts the victim most is not the cruelty of the oppressor but the silence of the bystander…. Let us not forget, after all, there is always a moment when a moral choice is made…. And so we must know these good people who helped Jews during the Holocaust. We must learn from them, and in gratitude and hope, we must remember them."